Surface Tension and Viscosity Viva Questions


Surface Tension and Viscosity Experiment

The surface tension (capillary rise) Viva Questions and Answers

(i) Define surface tension

Ans: It is defined as the force acting tangential to the liquid surface and perpendicular to unit length of an imaginary line drawn on the surface of the liquid

(ii) What is the unit and dimension of S.T?

Ans: Unit-Nm-1; Dimension MLT-1

(iii) How is surface tension related to surface energy?

Ans: They are the same.

(iv) What is the difference between adhesive and cohesive forces?

Ans: Attraction between molecules of the same kind-cohesive. Attraction between molecules of different kind-adhesive.

(v) What is angle of contact?

Ans: The angle between the tangent to the liquid surface at the point of contact and the solid inside the liquid.

(vi) What is meant by capillarity?

Ans: Rise of liquid in capillary tube is called capillarity

(vii) For mercury there is capillary depression. Why?

Ans: Angle of contact is oblige (140 °)

(viii) What are the factors on which capillary ascent depends?

Ans: Inversely proportion to the radius, inversely proportional to density and directly proportional to surface tension.

(ix) If the angle of contact were 90°. What is capillary accent?

Ans: Zero

(x) Is surface tension is a molecular phenomenon or atomic

Ans: Molecular phenomena.

(xi) Aim of surface tension experiment?

Ans: To find the surface tension of water by capillary rise.

(xii) Apparatus for the Surface tension experiment?

Ans: A narrow capillary tube of uniform bore of known radius, beaker containing water, travelling microscope and so on.

The Viscosity Viva Questions and Answers

(i) Define the coefficient of viscosity.

(ii) What is Stoke's formula?

(iii) What is meant by Reynold's number?

(iv) Give the Newton's equation for viscous force.

(v) Define the unit 'poise'

Ans: It is the unit of viscosity in C.G.S system. The unit is in honor of Poiseuille who did important works on viscosity
1 poise = dynes. second/cm2

(vi) What is meant by terminal velocity?

(vii) What is the effect of temperature on viscosity of liquids?

Ans: Viscosity decrease with the increase in temperature.

(viii) What is the effect of temperature on the viscosity of gases?

Ans: The viscosity of gasses increase with rise in temperature.

(ix) Aim of the viscosity experiment?

Ans: To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

(x) Apparatus for the viscosity experiment in lab?

Ans: A tall glass jar of about 1 m long and 2 cm radius, viscous liquid (ex: castor oil or diesel), lead shots or small ball bearings of different size, screw gauge, stop watch etc.

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